Indice Dietro Avanti
Siscia, follis, Licinius I, Iovi Conservatori
..from Ancient Roman Coins.
Hi. Could anyone tell me any information about these coins?
Any info would be Much appreciated.
fig. 1
Cliccare sulle immagini per ingrandire
Rome, 20.6.2021
below I report the significant elements regarding the coin shown in the figure:

Follis1, Siscia mint2, 313-315 A.D., RIC VII 8 var. (page 423), rarity index "r2"

Summary description:
D. IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG3. Licinius I, laureate head right.
R. IOVI CONS-ERVATORI4. Mint mark 5. Jupiter stg. l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre, Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l.

The search on the web of coins of the figure type gave rise to the following results:

  1. Lot # 368. Licinius I (308-324). Æ Follis (21mm, 3.36g, 1h). Siscia, 313-315. Laureate head r. R/ Jupiter standing l., holding globe surmounted by Victory, leaning on sceptre; eagle with wreath standing to l.; E//SIS. RIC VII 8. Green patina, VF. Starting price: £ 15. Number of bids: -. Lot closed. Unsold.
  2. Source Gitbud & Naumann Auction 6 (04.08.2013) Lot  617 Estimate  50 EUR Description LICINIUS I (308-324). Follis. Siscia. Obv: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG. Laureate head right. Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI / A / SIS. Jupiter advancing left, holding Victory and sceptre; at his feet, eagle. RIC 8. Condition: Extremely fine. Weight: 3.4g. Diameter: 16mm.
  3. Source Numismatik Lanz München Auction 154 (11.06.2012) Lot  507 Estimate 100€ Price  120€ (~150 USD) Description RÖMISCHE MÜNZEN KAISERZEIT LICINIUS (308 - 324) Follis, 313-315, Siscia. IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, Büste mit Lorbeerkranz nach rechts. Rs: IOVI CON-SERVATORI, Jupiter mit um die linke Schulter gelegtem Mantel und Zepter nach links stehend, in der Rechten kleine Victoria auf Globus haltend. Diese hält einen Kranz nach oben. Rechts ein Adler nach links stehend, Kopf nach rechts, im Schnabel einen Kranz haltend, rechts im Feld B, im Abschnitt SIS. RIC 8 (R); Cohen 65. 3,79g. Selten. Vorzüglich.
  4. Source Auktionshaus H. D. Rauch GmbH Summer Auction 2010 (13.09.2010) Lot  1404 Estimate 30 EUR Price Unsold or unknown price Description RÖMISCHE KAISERZEIT Licinius I. 308-324 (D) Follis (3,52g), Siscia (Sisak), 4. Offizin, 313-315 n.Chr. Av.: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, Kopf mit Lorbeerkranz n.r. Rv.: IOVI CON-SERVATORI / D (im r. Feld) / SIS (im Abschnitt), Iuppiter mit Victorienglobus und Szepter v.v., Kopf n.l., davor Adler. -- Minimale Reinigungsspuren im Rv. RIC 8, C 66. vzgl.
  5. Source Auktionshaus H. D. Rauch GmbH Summer Auction 2007 (11.09.2007) Lot  1141 Price  46 EUR (~64 USD) Description Römisches Kaiserreich: Diocletianus bis Licinius II. Licinius I. 308-324 Follis (3,57g), Siscia, 5. Offizin 313-315 AD. Av.: IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, Portrait n.r. Rv.: IOVI CONSERVATORI / E (im r. Feld) / SIS (in ex.), Iuppiter mit Victoria und Szepter n.l., davor Adler mit Kranz. RIC 8. vzgl.+/f.vzgl. Estimate: EUR 30.
  6. ebay 33,00€ [#891071] Monnaie, Licinius I, Follis, 313-315, Siscia, TTB, Bronze, RIC:8 CARACTÉRISTIQUES DE L'ARTICLE QUALITÉ DE LA MONNAIE TTB MÉTAL Bronze. DIAMÈTRE 21mm ATELIER Siscia. ANNÉE 313-315. POIDS 3.57g.
  7. vcoins 64.00US$ 53.79€ Rates for: 06/20/21 Licinius I AE Follis. Siscia Mint 313-315 AD. Obverse: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right. Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe in right and scepter in left, eagle with wreath in beak at feet left, Gamma to right, SIS in exergue. References: RIC 8. Size: 23mm, 3.56g. Professional Numismatic Notes: Good VF with a lovely glossy-brown patina!
  8. Follis 313-315 Siscia Coin, Licinius I, Siscia, Bronze, RIC:8 EF(40-45) Price 31,00 EUR Conservazione: EF(40-45) Materiale: bronzo. Peso: 3.85g Diametro: 23.00mm. 895386-coin-licinius-i-follis-313-315-siscia-ef-40-45-bronze-ric-8,Coin, Licinius I, Follis, 313-315, Siscia, EF(40-45), Bronze, RIC:8,laureate head right, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across shoulder, holding sceptre and Victory on globe; eagle with wreath to left.
  9. Lotto 424: Licinius I (308-324). AE Follis, Siscia mint, 313-315 AD. Obv. IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG. Laureate head right. Rev. IOVI CONSERVATORI. Jupiter standing left, leaning on sceptre, holding Victory on globe; eagle with wreath to left, in field, to right, Є. In exergue, SIS. RIC 8. AE. 3.44g. 21.00mm. R. Rare. Superb, sharply struck and almost fully silvered, with reddish highlights. Good EF. Base d'asta 30€ Prezzo attuale 46€ Offerte: 2. Lotto non in vendita.
  10. Nummus 313 Siscia Coin, Licinius I, Siscia, Copper, RIC:8 AU(50-53). Price 34.34£. 40,00€. Grade: AU(50-53) Material: Copper. Weight: 3.35g Diameter: 22.00mm. 865826-coin-licinius-i-nummus-313-siscia-au-50-53-copper-ric-8,Coin, Licinius I, Nummus, 313, Siscia, AU(50-53), Copper, RIC:8, IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, IOVI CONSERVATORI / SIS.
I conclude observing that the general and style characteristics of the coin in the figure are the same of the coins found on the web. The physical characteristics of the coin are missing and a comparative examination with the authentic coins of the period is not possible. In the present state of conservation, the coin, if authentic, is worth, in my opinion, not more than ten euros.

Best regards.
Giulio De Florio


(1) Follis. In the eyes of the common people, the follis, the everyday coin of the early Tetrarchy (in contrast to the earlier minted antoninians of constantly changing type), was associated with the idea of the uniqueness of being Roman and with the solidity of the currency (a bit like the dollar today). I report in the table below the physical characteristics of the folles found on the web:
Riferimenti Peso (g.) Diametro (mm.) Asse di conio (h)
Link1 3,36 21 1
Link2 3,4 16 -
Link3 3,79 - -
Link4 3,52 - -
Link5 3,57 - -
Link6 3,57 21 -
Link7 3,56 23 -
Link8 3,85 23,00 -
Link9 3,44 21 -
Link10 3,35 22,00 -

Since there is no information about the physical characteristics of the sample under examination (weight, diameter, coin axis, reaction to the magnet), it will not be possible to carry out a comparative examination with the authentic coins of the period.
(2) Siscia mint (today's Sisak in Croatia, see map), in 313 under the control of the Eastern Roman emperor Licinius, operated on 5 workshops, marked by the Greek letters A, B, Γ, Δ, ε . As was customary during the Tetrarchy, Siscia minted coins both in the name of Licinius and in that of Constantine, at that time emperor of the West. That means coins were minted with identical types of the reverse but with the following obverse legends:

  • IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG (RIC 5, see example); Constantinus I, son of Costantius I and Helena, born around 282, Caesar in 24.7.306, Augustus in 306, married 31.3.307 with Fausta, Maximianus'daughter, died on 22.5.337.
  • IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG (RIC 7, see example); "as above".
  • IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG (RIC8 see example); Licinius I, born around 250, Augustus in 11.11.308, married in Mediolanum with Costantia, Costantinus'sister, in the early spring of 313; deposed by his brother-in-law after the battle of Nicopolis on 18.9.324, killed in Thessalonica in 325.
(3) IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG (IMPerator LICinianus LICINIVS Pius Felix AVGvstvs). On another page of the site I have traced a historical profile of the tetrarchy, within which Licinius is placed:
  • click here for the events concerning him, from the elevation to Augustus (11.11.308) up to the Milan conference of January-February 313;
  • click here for the subsequent events up to the peace of Sardica (1.3.317) and the elevation to the rank of Caesar of Crispus and Costantinus jr, sons of Constantine I and Licinius jr, son of Licinius I;
  • click here for the subsequent events up to the death of Licinius in 325.
The fact that the coin under exam was minted both in the name of Constantine and Licinius by a mint, such as Siscia, at the time under Licinius'control, is indicative of a state of relations between the two sovereigns, not yet developed, in 314-5, at such a level of conflict to justify the rupture of mutual recognition, at least on a formal level.
(4) IOVI CONS-ERVATORI (to Jupiter protector). I have classified the coin as a variant of RIC VII 8 because its reverse legend cuts out sooner than Ric predicts. The type of IOVI CONSERVATORI is very common in the coinage of the period, linked to the myth of the founder of the tetrarchy, Diocletian, who had declared himself "Jupiter", that is, son of Jupiter (see in this regard, by clicking here, the page of the site where the topic is treated in full). The literal and figurative sense of this reverse is clear, the political message is that there is no conflict between the West and the East.
(5) The mint mark consists of two parts:
  • in exergue, the mint code: SIS = Siscia
  • right in the field, the mark of the officina that struck the coin: Δ (the fourth of five active in the period).
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